What is Lateral Epicondylitis (Tennis Elbow) or Medial Epicondylitis (Golfer's Elbow)?
Lateral Epicondylitis is the inflammation of the tendons (the attachment of muscle to bone) of the wrist and hand straighteners at their place of origin on the outside edge of the elbow.
Medial Epicondylitis is the inflammation of the tendons (the attachment of muscle to bone) of the wrist and hand benders at their place of origin on the inside edge of the elbow.
With repetitive or forceful use of the arm, these tendons can become inflamed and develop microscopic tears. Eventually the tissue at the attachment site becomes disorganized and strained and then loses its good blood supply, causing further degeneration.
Pain at the bony edges of the elbow with site-specific tenderness.
Pain may radiate up and down the arm as the tissue degeneration progresses.
Weakness with grasping of objects and lifting objects.
Pain with lifting objects, even something as light as a coffee cup, particularly if the elbow is straight.
Common Treatments may include:
Use of a tennis elbow strap to alter the amount of force being driven to the muscle origin.
Use of a wrist brace, splint or orthotic to limit the amount of tension being placed on the muscle origin.